The Fruska Gora Monasteries are the unique
group of thickly situated monasteries built in the period from XV to
XVIII century. 35 monasteries were built in a marvelous natural setting.
Sixteen have been preserved till today.
Once these monasteries have been symbol of
Serbian national resistance against Ottoman Empire and guardians of the
great national treasuries of sacral arts, relicts and
architecture.Serbian orthodox church communities exist there at the
monasteries of: Krusedol, Petkovica, Rakovac, Velika RemetaDivsa, Novo
Hopovo, Staro Hopovo, Jazak, Mala Remeta, Grgeteg, Beocin, Privina
Glava, Sisatovac, Kuvezedin, and Vrdnik-Ravanica.
According to historical data, these
monastery communities have existed since the first decades of the
sixteenth century, but the legends relate their founding to the period
between the 12th and fifteenth centuries. The monasteries are
concentrated in an area 50 kilometers long, and 10 kilometers wide. In
the course of five centuries of existance, these monasteries sustained
the spiritual and political life of the Serbian nation.
The monasteries were founded in a period of
great wars and migrations, and they became centers where the cult of the
Brankovic Family (the last of the Serbian despotic families) was
carefully nurtured, using the Nemanjic family dynasty as a model. Of
equal importance in understanding the spiritual life of the Fruska Gora
monasteries are the cults of individual saints, whose relics attracted
both pilgrims and patrons to the monasteries.
The donations of pilgrims and the highly
developed sense of patronage among the Serbs served to heighten
religious feelings, stimulating the further construction, decoration and
replenishment of the monasteries. Monasteries of Fruska Gora are a
unique part of the religious, educational, and cultural being of the
Serbian nation, and cultural heritage of Yugoslavia.
Monasteries Sisatovac, Novo Hopovo,
Vrdnik-Ravanica, Beocin, Privina glava and Jazak still suffer
consequences of detonations, explosions and side effects caused by NATO