is proclaimed a National Park in 1960 in order to provide its
permanent protection and to improve its natural resources and
beauty. The area of active protection is 25.525 ha.
Fruska Gora is an isolated, narrow,
island mountain in Pannonia plain. It is intended by river
courses extending to the south and north, with some side ranges
with steep slopes, spreading from the main narrow range. Its
location, specific geological history and different
microclimatic conditions make it very interesting and important
to science. Thanks to unique and very rich deposits of fossil
fauna and flora, Fruska Gora is called the 'mirror of geological
The main characteristic of this region is the existence of numerous
protected, rare and endangered species.
Fruska Gora's valleys are covered
with pastures and fertile fields, numerous vineyards and
orchards which decorate its lower slopes while higher ground,
above 300 meters, is covered with dense deciduous forests.
Fruska Gora hides 16 orthodox
monasteries famous for their specific architecture, treasuries,
libraries and frescoes and numerous archeological sites from
prehistoric and historic times as well.
Due to its outstanding natural
resources, wonderful landscapes, exceptional charm and beauty,
that will bring you closer to nature, Fruska Gora is ideal place
for rest and recreation.
The Fruska gora is a natural entirety with
specific geology, relief, hydrographic and varied edaphic conditions.
All this, as well as specific climatic conditions, has given rise to the
development of a specific flora and fauna that has attracted numerous
The oldest records on the nature in
the Fruska gora were made by botanists in the middle of the 18th
century, followed by numerous studies of geological,
paleonthological and geomorphologic forms and phenomena, flora
and vegetation, fauna and the other fields of natural and social
On the basis of numerous
investigations, "The Fruska gora Monograph" has been published.
A great number of papers, essays, expert opinions, and proposals
on the Fruska gora have been published as well. In the 19th and
the first half of the 20th centuries, data were collected that
clearly showed that the Fruska gora is endowed with exceptional
In the papers of the scholars from that
period, there is a suggestion of the need to preserve this wealth. After
the Second World War nature protection activities began. In 1948, the
Fruska gora was proclaimed a National Picnicking Place and placed under
the general protection as a unique mountain area with well preserved
forest vegetation, flora and fauna.
In 1960, a law proclaiming the Fruska gora
a National Park was passed. The borders of the National Park encompass
the most typical part of a broader region under the forests. These
borders have largely remained the same till today and mark a territory
of 25,525 hectares.
Due to a major scientific importance in the
monitoring of processes and trends of a spontaneous development of
natural ecosystems or because of cultural and educational importance,
certain parts of the Fruska gora, as the best preserved remains of
autochthonous communities in this region, have been placed under special
protection. There are 39 protected areas and another 26 are planned to
be protected. They are:
Since 1990, according to the new
legislative regulation, the National Park, being protected area of
exceptional importance for the Republic, has been classified in I
category. In accordance with a legal requirement that adequate
protection regimes have to be defined, during the last two years
recognition of the nature values in the National Park has been taken.